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Facts About Centrifugal Pumps

A centrifugal pump is a rotodynamic pump using a rotating impeller to increase the flow rate of the fluid. This type of equipment might seem complicated if it is your first encounter with it. A heavy-duty centrifugal slurry pump is one of the easiest types of equipment. It is used to convert the energy from an engine or electric motor into kinetic energy, or velocity. This will create pressure that forces the fluid out.

The energy changes occur in two main parts of the pump: the volute and impeller. The volute, which is inactive, converts kinetic energy into pressure. The impeller, on the other hand, is the revolving component that converts the driver energy into kinetic energy.

How it uses centrifugal force

When liquid is pumped into the pump suction and the eye of an impeller, centrifugal force can be achieved. The impeller rotates and instantly turns the liquid into hollows.

This imparts centrifugal acceleration, vanes outward, and instantaneously spins the impeller. As the liquid exits the impeller's eye, a low-pressure zone is created that allows more liquid to flow into the inlet.

Multistage Centrifugal pumps

Multistage centrifugal pumps contain two or more impellers. These impellers may be mounted on different shafts or similar shafts. A multistage basically has two essential functions: it ejects a lot of liquid and generates a high head.

The impellers must be mounted on a similar shaft in order to achieve a high head. Installing impellers on different shafts can result in a large amount of liquid being released.